Even though existence of lgbt figures could have increased recently on both commercial broadcast and cable sites, its uncertain exactly just how usually television addresses the intimate problems and issues of intimate minorities.
As noted early in the day, when homosexual and characters that are lesbian been incorporated into programs, they will have frequently been portrayed in asexual contexts. Furthermore, the majority of what was posted up to now about homosexuality and television happens to be qualitative (including show that is single studies), centering on exactly how particular programs have actually portrayed homosexual figures. Although many content analyses have actually evaluated the quantity of sexual content shown on tv generally speaking (Cope Farrar & Kunkel, 2002; Greenberg et that is al; Kunkel et al., 1999, 2003; Kunkel, Cope Farrar, Biely, Maynard Farinola, & Donnerstein, 2001; Sapolsky & Tabarlet, 1991; Ward, 1995), none have actually reported from the prevalence of sexual portrayals and speak about sexual problems associated with gays, lesbians, or bisexuals.
This paper centers on factors evaluating content that is nonheterosexual had been included as an element of two bigger content analyses examining intimate content more broadly on US tv. Information through the 2001 2002 and 2002 2003 tv periods are accustomed to respond to questions concerning the prevalence and regularity of intimate behavior and sexual talk relating to nonheterosexuals. Particularly, the info analyses address two broad research concerns: (1) from what extent are nonheterosexual intimate themes, particularly sexual behavior and speak about sex, present in tv development general and what habits emerge across system genres, community kinds, and prime time versus nonprime time development? (2) When nonheterosexual intimate content does happen, what’s its regularity and exactly how does it differ across genres, variety of community, and prime time versus nonprime time development?
A 3 composite week sampling plan ended up being utilized to obtain two big yearly random types of tv programs of interest that is greatest to adolescents and therefore were comprehensive of all portions associated with the television industry. Programs had been taped from 11 stations 6 broadcast that is commercial (ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC, UPN, and WB) and 5 cable sites (BET, Cinemax, HBO, MTV, and Showtime). Since the content analyses had been section of a more substantial research study on tv visibility and adolescent sexuality, a few systems had been included due to their interest young audiences including UPN, which televises an amazing quantity of programs with young African American characters (age.g., The Steve Harvey Show, Moesha, Fresh Prince of Bel Air, One on a single); WB, which tailors its development to white youth, with programs such as for instance Gilmore Girls, 7th paradise, Sabrina, and Smallville; and MTV, which will show music videos along with other programs (age.g., dating truth programs) watched by numerous teenagers and teenagers.
Composite week sampling designs were utilized in past analysis that is content to have representative types of television development (Kunkel et al., 1999, 2001, 2003; Madden & Grube, 1994; Wallack, Grube, Madden, & Breed, 1990; Wilson et al., 1997).
This sampling strategy involves arbitrarily picking times of the week or particular time slots for recording over weeks to lessen prospective bias that would be introduced if all taping had been done in just a solitary calendar week. Recording regarding the test happened mainly over a 7 week duration within the autumn every year. Because season premiere episodes are staggered through the entire thirty days of September, we started taping when all nonsyndicated show had been showing episodes through the present period. Each week, three different times of the week had been arbitrarily chosen for taping from all 11 channels, along with a week regarding the week represented 3 times within the test. The 8 hour time block for taping extended from 3:00 p.m. (of which time many youth are away from college) to 11:00 p.m. (through prime time). The entire process of recapturing missed episodes (like those which is why the satellite sign had been lost or the show was pre empted by sporting or other unique events) proceeded through the winter season.