Not totally all product that has been taped had been coded. As our focus ended up being on scripted development, we excluded day-to-day news broadcasts, game shows, sports programs and occasions, and paid programming, in addition to all kinds of commercials as well as other promotions ( ag e.g., teasers for community programs). Although music videos were taped, these were coded and analyzed individually because of their unique traits and therefore are perhaps not reported right right here. The analyses introduced in this paper, nonetheless, do are the nonmusic video clip programming from cable music activity channels including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and truth programs.
In addition, demonstrates that had been incomplete simply because they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. are not coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eradicated through the test.
The sample that is final the 2001 2002 period contains 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the ultimate test for the 2002 2003 period included 1,439 unique system episodes. The test when it comes to second content analysis ended up being notably bigger than the initial 12 months’s test once we produced concerted work in 12 months 2 to make sure that we had three episodes of each and every nonsyndicated series. Despite strict adherence towards the sampling plan, extra taping ended up being needed whenever, for instance, brand new programs joined the autumn lineup following the beginning of the year to replace for cancelled programs or once the time and time slot for a string ended up being changed.
The codebook when it comes to bigger research had been based considerably from the factors manufactured by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) inside their content analyses conducted for the Kaiser Family Foundation.
We created additional things, including those on exact exact exact same intercourse behavior that is intimate sexual talk associated with nonheterosexuals. As opposed to Kunkel and peers, whom utilized the scene given that unit that is primary of, our content analyses involved coding for sexual content in 2 moment periods of system time. Because scenes differ quite a bit in total and, hot blondes xxx hence, usually do not offer a consistent product of measure to make comparisons across programs, we utilized a regular coding product according to time. Coding news development in designated time periods has been utilized usually by other scientists conducting analyses that are content different system genres including films, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).
For purposes of the content analysis, intercourse ended up being understood to be any depiction of sexual intercourse, intimately suggestive behavior, or any speak about sex or sex. To be conservative and prevent overcoding sexual content, communications about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual communications pertaining to love and relationships, that have been perhaps maybe perhaps not coded. As an example, a declaration such as вЂњi enjoy my boyfriendвЂќ wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as вЂњI made like to my boyfriendвЂќ could be coded.
Exact exact Same intercourse intimate behavior
Every 2 moment period that were coded as containing one or more variety of sexual intercourse tracked in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, sexual intercourse suggested, sexual activity depicted, as well as other sexual behavior 2 ended up being additionally evaluated when it comes to existence of exact exact same sex behavior that is sexual. With this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted within the period took place between a couple associated with the exact same intercourse.
Speak about nonheterosexual issues that are sexual
Each 2 minute period that was coded as containing one or more example of talk through the intimate talk groups utilized in the key coding task ( ag e.g., reviews about own/others’ intimate actions or passions, speak about sexual activity which includes currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) ended up being also coded for whether some of the intimate talk linked to nonheterosexuals. Because of this product, programmers once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the talk that is sexual the intimate passions or issues of nonheterosexual people. Usually, such feedback associated with gays and lesbians, although sometimes these people were connected with bisexuals.